Latitude and longitude are used for locating any desired place on a map. Any place on the map has has a related latitude and longitude.
Teacher: Patricia Downs Subject: Geography Grade Level: 6th Date: March 23, 1998
Lesson Plan on Latitude and Longitude
The students will have knowledge of map orientation (N,S,E,W) and are able to give directions from one place to another using at least 8 points of map orientation. The students will have knowledge of the Equator and the Prime Meridian.
III. Instructional Objective:
A. The student, when requested, will identify at least 10 places on the world map using the given latitude and longitude points to the nearest whole degree with 90% accuracy.
B. The student, when requested, will identify the latitude and longitude points of at least 10 places on the world map to the nearest whole degree with 90% accuracy.
IV. Instructional Procedures:
A. Teacher initiates class discussion on "How do planes know
where to land and ships know where to navigate to?
B. Teacher writes all responses on board or chart paper.
C. Focus on responses that include latitude and longitude and explain that this is largely the basis for planes knowing where to land and ships knowing where to navigate.
D. A detailed explanation of the Prime Meridian that divides East and West and Equator that divides North and South.
E. The teacher models using latitude and longitude points to locate different places on the world map. Included in the modeling will be a variety of places; such as, cities, oceans, nations, mountain ranges.
F. The teacher models using various places on the map and gives the latitude and longitude points of those places.
(During modeling by the teacher, continual focus to the N/S latitude and the E/W longitude differences.)
G. Students work in pairs and are provided with a world map containing latitude and longitude grids.
H. Students are given a set of 10 points and are asked to record what major area is located at that point (city, nation, ocean, mountain range).
I. Students are given 10 areas (city, nation, ocean and mountain range) and are to give the latitude and longitude points on the map of the area
V. Materials and Equipment:
A. Large pull down world map (physical and political). (for teacher
B. Hand out of world (physical and political) map containing latitude and longitude grids and contains names of major cities, nations, oceans and mountain ranges. (for student use)
A. Students are given a world map (physical and political) with latitude and longitude grids. The students will identify the latitude and longitude points of 10 major areas of the world (cities, nations, oceans and mountain ranges).
B. The student are given a list of 10 other major areas (same as above, but different names and place) and will identify the locations on the map.
VII. Follow Up Activities:
The students will be requested to locate at least 5 places on the world map that they would like to travel to and give a brief description as to why they would like to travel to that area.
VIII. Self Assessment:
The main purpose of self-assessment is to ensure student understanding. One way to do this is by comparing and analyzing the differences between actual and intended learning outcomes, as well as the causes for any differences.
1. Continual self-assessment will be used throughout the lesson by taking
notes both mentally and physically.
2. Adaptations can be added or deleted as needed throughout the lesson.
3. Reflect upon as to what skills students are excelling at or in need of.
4. As always, flexibility will be a key factor in any lesson.
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